Quli Qutb Shah

Dafato Team | Oct 27, 2022

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Sultan Quli ("Slave of the Sultan") Qutb-ul-Mulk (1470 - September 2, 1543) was the first Sultan of Golconda and founder of the Qutb-Shah dynasty (1512-1543).

He was descended from the Turkoman tribe Kara-Koyunlu. He was the son of Uvays-Kuli-beg and Maryam-khanum. Uvays-Kuli-beg was the son of Pir-Kuli-beg and great-grandson of Kara Iskandar, the son of Kara-Yusuf, the founder of the Kara-Koyunlu state. His mother Maryam-khanum was the daughter of Malik Saleh of Hamadan and a descendant of Jahanshah. Sultan Quli Qutb Shah emigrated to Delhi with some of his relatives and friends, including his uncle Allah Sultan Quli bey in the early 16th century. Later Sultan Quli Qutb Shah moved to Deccan where he entered the service of the Bahmani sultan.

After the dissolution of the Bahmani Sultanate into five Deccan Sultanates, Sultan Quli Qutb Shah proclaimed independence and took the title Qutb Shah, and founded the Qutb Shah dynasty in Golconda.

Sultan-Kuli Qutb-shah was a contemporary of Krishnadevaraya Tuluva and his younger brother Achyutadevaraya Tuluva of the Vijayanagar Empire. Sultan Kuli seized the forts in Warangal, Kondapalli, Eluru and Rajamundri, while Krishnadevaraya was busy fighting the ruler of Orissa. He defeated Sitapati Raja (known as Shitab Khan), the ruler of Khammam, and captured that fort. Sultan-Kuli Qutb Shah forced the ruler of Orissa to give him the territories between the mouths of the rivers Krishna and Godavari. He was able to capture Eluru, Rajamundri and Machilipatnam, extending his power to coastal Andhra. The military campaign of Sultan Kuli Qutb Shah against Krishnaderwaya continued until First Minister Timmarasu defeated the army of Golkonda.

The Sultan of Golconda, Sultan Quli Qutb Shah, died on September 2, 1543. His youngest son, Jamshid-Quli Qutb Shah, killed him as he offered his prayers. Jamshid also blinded his eldest son and heir to the throne, Qutbuddin, and seized his father's throne. His other brother, Ibrahim-Quli Qutb-shah, fled from Golconda to the Vijayanagar Empire.

Sultan Quli Qutb Shah had six sons and four daughters.


  1. Quli Qutb Shah
  2. Султан-Кули Кутб-шах
  3. ^ "Sultan" was a part of his name, Sultan Quli (also spelled Sultan-Quli),[4] the whole of which meaning 'slave of the sultan' or 'slave of the ruler'[5] (see other male given names built from Quli at "Quli (Turkic)"); and he never proclaimed his kingship (the first of his successors to do so was Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah).[6]
  4. Iranian Culture and South Asia:1500-1900, Juan R.I. Cole, Iran and the Surrounding World: Interactions in Culture and Cultural Politics, ed. Nikki R. Keddie, Rudi Matthee, (University of Washington Press  (англ.) (рус., 2002), 25.
  5. Sen, Sailendra. A Textbook of Medieval Indian History (неопр.). — Primus Books, 2013. — С. 118. — ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  6. Ahmed, Farooqui Salma. A Comprehensive History of Medieval India: Twelfth to the Mid-Eighteenth Century (англ.). — 2011. — P. 177.

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